By T. Douglas Price
Even though occupied in basic terms fairly in brief within the lengthy span of global prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating earlier human societies. the realm was once primarily unoccupied till the tip of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which was once ultimately lined by way of natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric continues to be of human task in Scandinavia - a lot of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly unique portrait of the evolution of human society. during this e-book, Doug fee presents an archaeological heritage of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the trendy international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's past e-book, Europe earlier than Rome, historic Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch by way of targeted, illustrative examples from the archaeological list. An engrossing and complete photograph emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to giant farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a while, which culminated within the incredible upward push of the Vikings. the cloth facts of those previous societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, superbly wrought weaponry, Viking warships - supply vibrant testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this usually unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable global.
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Additional info for Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings
To the west lay Denmark, including Norway, Iceland, and Schleswig-Holstein. The frontier of Denmark extended to the Elbe River in Germany. To the east, both Sweden and Finland were ruled by the Swedish crown. Following another war and defeat, Denmark ceded Skåne to Sweden at the peace of Roskilde in 1659. In 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark was forced to give Norway to Sweden and Helgoland (a small group of islands in the North Sea, ca. 60 km northwest of the mouth of the Elbe) to England.
He studied ethnology, geology, and botany in Hamburg and taught himself archaeology. In 1926, he became curator at the Hamburg Museum of Ethnology and Prehistory, and in 1928 was the first professor of prehistory in Hamburg, later holding a similar post in Kiel. With his background in geology and botany, Schwantes emphasized a multidisciplinary approach to the study of the past, and he mentored a number of other archaeologists, including Alfred Rust, who conducted the excavations at the Late Paleolithic site of Stellmoor, discussed in chapter 2.
13. Museum Wormianum in Copenhagen ca. AD 1650. 26 A ncient S candina v ia A Royal Antiquities Commission was established in 1807 to determine the state of the remaining monuments and what could be saved from further destruction. Archaeology was thus established as an independent discipline focused on prehistoric artifacts and monuments (Jensen 1982). In 1816, that same commission appointed Christian Thomsen, a 28-year-old businessman, to organize and display some of the materials that had been recovered.