Download An Introduction to Linguistics by Stuart C. Poole (auth.) PDF

By Stuart C. Poole (auth.)

Show description

Read Online or Download An Introduction to Linguistics PDF

Similar language & grammar books

(On) Searle on Conversation: Compiled and Introduced by Herman Parret and Jef Verschueren

At a world convention held in 1981 on the Universidada Estudual of Campinas (Brazil), a debatable lecture was once given by means of John Searle which awarded conceptual theses: that dialog doesn't have an intrinsic constitution approximately which a appropriate thought might be formulated, and that conversations usually are not topic to (constitutive) principles.

An Heraldic Alphabet

ASIN: B002BFPUSOСловарь геральдических эмблем, символов и терминов. A most precious dictionary of heraldry and heraldic phrases. people with an off-the-cuff curiosity within the topic will locate the great descriptions priceless and should be ready to gather the language of heraldry via them. however the critical scholar too will locate this an invaluable reference booklet.

Words: Structure, Meaning, Function: A Festschrift for Dieter Kastovsky

The sequence publishes cutting-edge paintings on middle components of linguistics throughout theoretical frameworks in addition to stories that supply new insights via construction bridges to neighbouring fields akin to neuroscience and cognitive technological know-how. The sequence considers itself a discussion board for state of the art examine according to stable empirical info on language in its a number of manifestations, together with signal languages.

Extra resources for An Introduction to Linguistics

Example text

Geoffrey Leech (1974, p. 20) refers to collocation as simply an idiosyncratic property of individual words. White coffee and white wine are only relatively white. In the case of white lies and blue jokes the logical link with a colour is less apparent still. With white coffee we are dealing with a set phrase where the meaning can at least be guessed at on the basis of the two constituent words. Conceivably the white in white lie suggests purity of intention. In the case of bluejoke knowing what part of the colour spectrum is indicated by the word blue gives us no help in understanding what a blue joke is.

If we are to investigate the intention and the context of utterances it is useful to attempt a categorisation of utterances by function, by speech act. One basic distinction is that between statements, often called declarative utterances, questions (interrogative utterances), and requests or commands (imperative or directive utterances). We may be able to distinguish these by their syntax. , and a command typically has no explicit subject: Shut the door. Form may, however, be misleading; social considerations, considerations of politeness may result, for example, in a command being expressed in the form of a question: Can you shut the door?

Some sounds articulated particularly far back in the mouth may be classified as uvular sounds rather than velar sounds. Some sounds have dual articulation; [w], shown in the diagram as being both bilabial and velar, is a case in point. The sound represented by a symbol may differ between dialects or languages. The sound [1] has been presented as an alveolar sound but many speakers produce a dental [1], their tongue being against the upper teeth. The sounds [t] and [d] have also been presented as alveolar sounds, as they are in English, but in many other languages, such as French, Spanish and Russian, they are dental.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.69 of 5 – based on 8 votes