Download American Dialect Research: Celebrating the 100th anniversary by Dennis R. Preston PDF

By Dennis R. Preston

Containing all new fabric and released for the yankee Dialect Society's centennial occasion (1889-1989), this quantity bings jointly in a single position, as no formerly released paintings has, present ways to the overall difficulties of language distribution and edition. the various chapters provide bills of the way questions are formulated and the way info are accrued, saved, and intepreted within the numerous learn traditions of dialectology and sociolinguistics, rather as they've been conducted by way of researchers linked to the yankee Dialect Society. extra in particular, this e-book takes journeys to the scholar's laboratory. How is that this paintings performed? What pitfalls in fieldwork, processing, and interpretation were encountered and the way have they been conquer? What strategies were used to get on the evidence and underlying motives of language style? What does contemporary paintings recommend in regards to the such a lot profitable parts and techniques for destiny research?

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Example text

Figures 4-6 are three more LAGS synopses of male, middleclass, white informants, who are age 76 with elementary-school educa­ tion. These summarize features in three other land regions of the Gulf States - the Piney Woods of Alabama (#444) and Mississippi (#582), as well as the Red River Basin of Louisiana (#800). All three might be called 'Deep South' communities — near or below the Thirty-Second Parallel, south of Montgomery, Jackson, and Vicksburg. The four synopses include many linguistic correspondences.

It also reveals lexical, morphologi­ cal and syntactic structures that the planners could not anticipate when the work sheets were organized. Who would anticipate a sow in heat described as 'a-boaring,' in search of a boar? ' Word study might also conjecture on that vegetable occupying some unchart­ ed semantic territory between a wild onion and a ramp. References to 'wife' imply several underlying strings: 'my wife,' 'the wife,' or the nickname 'Wife,' a problem that might be solved through prosodic analysis.

And it lays the foundation for deductive study in the establishment of the orthographic word — the simplest and most easily understood linguistic unit — as a sensible starting point for descriptive work. Even with the concordance available to locate forms in the protocols, the notations also needed a phonological index and idiolect summary. Published with the protocols in 1981, the idiolect synopses offer a preliminary guide to the contents of each tape-recorded inter­ view. Idiolect synopsis #25 (Figure 2) abstracts the Wear Valley protocol.

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