Download Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction by Haig, Geoffrey L.J. PDF

By Haig, Geoffrey L.J.

The Iranian languages, as a result of their remarkable time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few cases the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is absolutely documented. but remarkably, inside of historic syntax, the Iranian case has acquired merely very superficial assurance. This publication offers the 1st in-depth therapy of alignment swap in Iranian, from previous Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the ebook examines the declare that ergativity in heart Iranian emerged from an previous Iranian agented passive development. This view is rejected in favour of a conception which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. therefore the first mechanisms concerned isn't really reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing development. The concept of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal function, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation.?  within the moment a part of the booklet, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that through the next advancements within the morphosyntax, special parts corresponding to contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, in truth built remarkably independently of each other. It used to be this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that resulted in the infamous multiplicity of alignment varieties in Iranian, a proven fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. in addition to facts from greater than 20 Iranian languages, awarded in a fashion that renders them obtainable to the non-specialist, there's large dialogue of extra normal subject matters resembling the adequacy of practical money owed of adjustments in case structures, discourse strain and the position of animacy, the idea of waft, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.

Show description

Read or Download Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach PDF

Best communication books

Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

The ebook is devoted to linguistic morphology and it features a cartoon of an entire morphological thought, headquartered round a dialogue of primary options corresponding to morph vs. morpheme, inflectional class, voice, grammatical case, contract vs. govt, suppletion, relationships among linguistic indicators, and so forth.

Images That Injure: Pictorial Stereotypes in the Media

No longer all harmful stereotypes are noticeable. in reality, the pictorial stereotypes within the media that we do not realize may be the such a lot damaging simply because we're not even conscious of the adverse, fake rules they perpetrate. This ebook offers a chain of unique learn essays on media photographs of teams together with African americans, Latinos, girls, the aged, the bodily disabled, gays and lesbians, and Jewish american citizens, simply to point out a number of.

From Object Modelling to Advanced Visual Communication

This booklet is a set of the simplest papers initially offered as state of the art stories or tutorials on the Eurographics '91 convention in Vienna. a decision has been made giving precedence to undying info. one other target used to be to hide all elements of special effects - other than - as thoroughly as attainable from modelling to complicated visualization and verbal exchange.

Visual Persuasion: The Role of Images in Advertising

The images in T.V. ads, journal ads and other kinds of ads frequently express meanings that can't be expressed besides, or in any respect, via phrases or song. visible Persuasion is an exploration of the uniquely visible facets of ads. as a result of the implicit nature of visible argumentation and the relative loss of social responsibility which photos take pleasure in compared to phrases, photos can be utilized to make advertisements claims that will be unacceptable if spelled out verbally.

Additional info for Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach

Sample text

For the time being, we should simply note that expressing the Agent through a clitic pronoun was already in Old Persian at least as widespread as full NP or free pronoun Agents. Although the basic outline of the m. k. construction is well-established, its precise analysis and status within Old Persian syntax remains very controversial. In the next sections I will review some of the more important literature on the topic before going on to present my own analysis. 1 The possessive interpretation Traditionally, the m.

There is no requirement to derive one from the other. ) Derivational approaches are faced with intractable problems when confronted with the numerous hybrid types of alignment introduced in the preceding sections, and taken up below. I would, incidentally, apply a similar non-derivational approach to the analysis of the passive in many languages, including English, but this is not the place to expand on that possibility. A Construction Grammar approach on the other hand, is well placed to cope with these phenomena.

The language is quite close to Old Persian (see below) and is dated at a similar period. Young Avestan does not comprise a homogenous body of texts; the consistency with which the texts may be considered to faithfully reflect the language of the time varies according to the date at which the texts were committed to writing, and the respective knowledge of the scribes. Given the difficulties in dating, in distinguishing corrupt scribal practices from genuine linguistic features, along with the highly arcane religious nature of the content, the interpretation of Avestan texts is an incredibly complex undertaking, mastered by only a handful of specialists world-wide.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 23 votes