By Donald P. Hartmann, Brenda L. Roper (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin (eds.)
Psychologists have lengthy been drawn to the issues of youngsters, yet within the final twenty years this curiosity has elevated dramatically. The in tensified specialize in medical baby psychology displays an elevated trust that many grownup difficulties have their starting place in adolescence and that early therapy is usually more suitable than therapy at later a while, however it additionally turns out to mirror an elevated feeling that kids are inherently vital of their personal correct. because of this shift in emphasis, the variety of courses in this subject has extended to the level that even full-time experts haven't been in a position to continue abreast of all new advancements. Researchers within the extra uncomplicated fields of kid psychol ogy have a number of annual courses and journals to combine examine of their parts, yet there's a marked want for such an integra tive booklet within the utilized phase of kid and developmental psychology. Advances in scientific baby Psychology is a serial ebook designed to collect unique summaries of an important advancements every year within the box. every one bankruptcy is written by way of a key determine in an cutting edge region of study or perform or via anyone who's rather good certified to touch upon an issue of significant modern value. every one writer has the stan dard structure during which his or her sector of study was once reviewed and the medical implications of the reports have been made explicit.
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Extra info for Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 1
495) has suggested that the importance of followup is equaled only by the magnitude of the methodological problems it presents. , McNamara & MacDonough, 1972; Windle, 1962; Sargent, 1960). 1. Measurement Issues Two general types of follow-up data might be obtained: data that allow both longitudinal and cross-sectional (treatment) comparisons and data that allow only comparisons among treatment conditions. For example, home observations taken on the rate of failure to comply with instructions and obtained over the entire course of a study allow 26 DONALD P.
Even here, however, we recommend statistical procedures such as those described by Kazdin (1976) and Jones and his colleagues (Jones, Vaught, & Weinrott, 1977) when visual inspection fails to reveal clear trends and when the assumptions of the statistical test can be met. However, psychology researchers must be alert to the dangers resulting from reliance on probability values to determine the effectiveness of treatment interventions. ) These dangers can, in large part, be avoided if one compares the performance of treated subjects with treatment goals or with the behavior of normal subjects.
They have the obvious advantages of simplicity on the one hand and face validity on the other-the therapist is presumably a sensitive and informed observer of the patient's progress. Unfortunately, simplicity can be a minor consideration, and face validity is neither necessary nor sufficient as an indicator of a measure's adequacy. , 1971). In addition, they may show spurious relationships with either pre- or posttreatment measures. For example, Mintz (1972) found that omnibus ratings of improvement were positively correlated with initial prognostic ratings even in simulation studies in which the relationship of initial status to improvement was held at zero.