By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge heritage of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is positioned in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of matters, together with the production of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological inspiration and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in growth, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
Developments in theory and method are normally presented as a progression from earlier achievements. The socio-political context in which these took place is often absent and therefore, it is implied, was unimportant. This chapter demonstrates how unsatisfactory and incomplete this view is, and the way our understanding of the history of early modern archaeology can beneWt from recognizing its socio-political context. In addition, the following pages illustrate the manner in which the past was manipulated politically in the centuries before nationalism and in this way became an inextricable part of world history.
Inventories seem to have also been created in Scandinavia (Nordbladh 2002: 143–4). Interestingly, it may be worth indicating a similarity here between Scandinavia—in particular Sweden—with both Spain and Britain: all of them were early modern empires, although in the case of Sweden the area of expansion was in the neighbouring areas of the Baltic (Roberts 1979). Books produced by antiquarians of this period range from the 1546 De Antiquitate Britannia by John Leland, 1555 Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus by the Swede Olaus Magnus (1490–1557), to 1575 Antigu¨edades by Ambrosio de Morales, and 1586 Britannia by William Camden (1551–1623).
The Swedish Bishop of Va¨xio¨ is an early example of an individual who was able to successfully declare his precedence over all the others and have a prominent seat in the 1434 Council of Basle by using arguments based on the past. He argued for such a right as a descendant of the Gothic royal house, which, as an array of quotations from classical authorities testiWed, had defended Christendom. His claim was only disputed by a Spanish bishop who demanded the same right, alluding to his Visigothic ancestry (Klindt-Jensen 1975: 11).